• Room nr:14a-00
  • E-mail:k.kleber@vu.nl
  • Unit:faculteit der letteren (oudheid)
  • Position:Lecturer in Languages and Cultures of the Ancient Near East in the first millennium BCE
Office hours: By appointment (please e-mail)

Teaching

Elementary Akkadian 1-4 (= Basiscursus Babylonisch 1a-d); History and Culture of the Ancient Near East; History of the Levant; History of Mesopotamian Literature (literature read in translation); Mesopotamian Religion (part of the course Godsdiensten van de Oudheid); Reception of Mesopotamian Culture; Various Akkadian reading courses on all levels (Bachelor and Master), e.g. Historical Texts (Assyria or Babylonia); Akkadian Literary Texts; Legal Texts; Introduction to Neo-Babylonian Archival Studies; Hellenistic Babylonian Texts; Neo-Babylonian Legal Documents and Court Protocols.

All courses are taught in English.

Research interests

Ancient Mediterranean History and Culture, History of the Ancient Near East, in particular the social, legal and economic history of Babylonia in the 1st millennium BCE; the Achaemenid Empire; legal history; economy and administration of empires.

Research projects

I am currently working on an edition of hitherto unpublished Babylonian texts on local, regional and long distance trade. These texts throw light on the thoroughly monetized interaction of the temple economy with the Babylonian society and on the means to secure the influx of long distance merchandise. This project is funded by the TOPOI Exzellenzcluster in Berlin where I started this research.

In preparation are contributions on the provincial administration of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, on legal procedures and on economic and social problems in the same period.

List of Publications


Monograph

Tempel und Palast. Die Beziehungen zwischen dem König und dem Eanna-Tempel im spätbabylonischen Uruk (Alter Orient und Altes Testament, 358). Münster 2008.

Journal articles and contributions to books

1.      “Die Fischerei in der spätbabylonischen Zeit,” Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 94 (2004), pp. 133-165.

2.      “Von Bierproduzenten und Gefängnisaufsehern: Dezentrale Güterverteilung und Buchhaltung in Eanna.” In: H.D. Baker, M. Jursa (eds), Approaching the Babylonian Economy. Proceedings of the Start Project Symposium held in Vienna, 1-3 July 2004. Münster 2005, pp. 289-321.

3.      “A Not-So-Great Escape: Crime and Punishment According to a Document from Neo-Babylonian Uruk,” Journal of Cuneiform Studies 58 (2006), pp. 109-122 (jointly with E. Frahm).

4.      “Babylonian Workers in the Persian Heartland: Palace Building at Matannan During the Reign of Cambyses.” In: Ch. Tuplin (ed), Persian Responses. Political and Cultural Interaction with(in) the Achaemenid Empire. Llandysul (Wales) 2007, pp. 163-176 (jointly with W. Henkelman).

5.      “Zēria, šatammu von Esangila, und die Entstehungszeit des ‘Strophengedichts’,” Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires 2007/52.

6.      “Zum Meineid und zu seiner Bestrafung in Babylonien,” Zeitschrift für altorientalische und biblische Rechtsgeschichte 13 (2007), pp. 23-38.

7.       “The Eanna Archive in the years 14­23 Nbk and 2­11 Nbn.” In: M. Jursa et al., Aspects of the Economic History of Babylonia in the First Millennium B.C. Economic Geography, Economic Mentalities, Agriculture, the Use of Money and the Problem of Economic Growth. (AOAT 377), Münster 2010, pp. 540-563.

8.      “Eanna’s Trade in Wool.” In: M. Jursa et al., Aspects of the Economic History of Babylonia in the First Millennium B.C. Economic Geography, Economic Mentalities, Agriculture, the Use of Money and the Problem of Economic Growth. (AOAT 377), Münster 2010, pp. 595-616.

9.      „Dātu ša šarri: Gesetzgebung in Babylonien unter den Achämeniden.” Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte 16 (2010), pp. 49-75.

10.  „Neither Slave nor Truly Free: The Status of the Dependents of Babylonian Temple Households“. In: Laura Culbertson (ed.), Slaves and Households in the Near East. Oriental Institute Seminars, 7, Chicago 2011, pp. 101-111.

11.  “Staatlich sanktionierte Gewalt: Peinliche Befragung, Körper- und Todesstrafen in Babylonien (6.-2. Jh. v. Chr.)“, In: Robert Rollinger, Martin Lang und Heinz Barta (eds.), Strafe und Strafrecht in den antiken Welten. Unter Berücksichtigung von Todesstrafe, Hinrichtung und peinlicher Befragung (Philippika 51), Wiesbaden 2012, pp. 215-231.

12.  “Aspekte des spätbabylonischen Gerichtsverfahrens. (Review article of Sh. Holtz, Neo-Babylonian Court Proceedure (CM 38), Leiden 2009). BiOr 69 (2012), 182-196.

13.  “Rhetorical strategies in letters of Babylonian officials.” Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte 18 (2012), 221-237.

14.  “Famine in Babylonia. A microhistorical approach to an agricultural crisis in 528-526 BC.” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 102 (2012), 219-244.

15.  „The Late Babylonian Temple: Economy, Politics and Cult“, in: K. Kaniut, A. Löhnert, J. L. Miller, A. Otto, M. Roaf, W. Sallaberger (Hrsg.), Tempel im Alten Orient. 7. Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 11.-13. Oktober 2009, München, Wiesbaden 2013, 167-178.

16.  “Waffen und Ausrüstung babylonischer Soldaten in der zweiten Hälfte des ersten Jahrtausends v. Chr.” In: H. Neumann, R. Dittmann, S. Paulus, G. Neumann, A. Schuster-Brandis (eds.), Krieg und Frieden im Alten Vorderasien. 52e Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale / International Congress of Assyriology and Near Eastern Archaeology, Münster, 17.-21. Juli 2006 (AOAT 401), Münster 2014, 425-443.

17.  “Des Frommen Zuflucht, des Übeltäters Verderben. Der assertorische Eid im Gerichtsprozess der spätbabylonischen Zeit“, in: H. Barta, M. Lang (eds.), Lebend(ig)e Rechtsgeschichte: Prozessrecht und Eid: Recht und Rechtsfindung in antiken Kulturen (Band 1). Innsbruck (in press).

18.  “Achaemenid Administration in Babylonia”, in B. Jacobs, R. Rollinger (eds.), Handbook of Achaemenid Studies. Routledge (in press).

19.  “The Empire of Trade and the Empires of Force. Tyre in the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian Period” (jointly with Caroline van der Brugge), in: J. C. Moreno García (ed), Dynamics of Production and Economic Interaction in the Near East in the first half of the first millennium BCE. Proceedings of a colloquium of the European Science Foundation, June 28-30, 2011 in Lille (in press).

20.  „Eight Neo-Babylonian Texts with the ţu-Clause from the Eanna Archive (nos. 5-12).” In: R. Magdalene, B. Wells, C. Wunsch, Administrative Law in Babylonia (in press).

21.  “Zur Logistik eines Heiligtums. Lagerhaltung und Kultbetrieb in Eanna.” In: M. van Ess (ed.), Uruk. Altorientalische Metropole und Kulturzentrum. Akten des 8. Internationalen Colloquiums der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft, 25.-26. April 2013 in Berlin. (in press).

Curriculum vitae of Kristin Kleber
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